Biodiversity and conservation
The loss of biodiversity in the UK over the past 40 years has been dramatic. Due to the loss of meadows and other habitats, bees, butterflies and other pollinators have been in serious decline.
Creating more biodiverse environments is something we should all be striving to achieve. These enhanced environments bring huge benefits for everyone now, and for future generations.
Wildflower meadows are a good way of lowering our carbon footprint. A wildflower meadow can store up to three tonnes of carbon per hectare.
Areas of long grass and wildflower meadows provide many benefits including:
- food and homes for essential pollinators, including bees, butterflies and hoverflies, as well as other insects, mammals and birds
- enhanced biodiversity
- a gateway for everyone to enjoy the natural world in their local community
- lower carbon footprint
We've been actively creating more biodiverse areas across the borough. One of our focuses has been the creation of wildflower-rich grasslands - or meadows. These areas are managed differently, to encourage them to flourish. The grass may have a different cutting regime to encourage wildflowers to grow. Alternatively, the area may be seeded with wildflower seeds or laid with wildflower turf.
It can take a while for these areas to establish and they may include docks, thistles and nettles. While many people would class these plants as weeds and would not want them growing in their garden, in the wild, these are important food and breeding sources for many different species.
We have installed some colourful signs in the areas where we have created meadows - look out for them on your next walk.
Wildflower Seed Giveaway
A staggering 97 per cent of wildflower meadows have been lost in the UK since the 1930s. These meadows can contain up to 40 different species per square metre, which in turn support all kinds of precious native UK species that cannot survive without these meadows. This is why planting wildflower seeds at home is a great way to help biodiversity.
To celebrate World Biodiversity Day on Saturday 22 May 2021, we gave away more than 1,000 packets of pollinator-friendly wildflower seeds to Dacorum residents.
Solitary bees are in decline, due to loss of habitat and modern farming practices. They provide an essential function, pollinating our crops and ensuring that plant communities are healthy and productive. Without them, mammals and birds would not have the seeds, berries or plants on which they depend, with approximately one in three mouthfuls of food and drink requiring pollination.
As part of our biodiversity commitment, we have been introducing bee houses to our parks and open spaces. These little houses encourage declining solitary bees, like the Red Mason and Leaf-cutter bees to start nesting and laying eggs in the small cardboard tubes that the houses hold.
At the end of the summer, these tubes are safely transported across to Mason Bees UK. The bee cocoons are removed from the tubes and checked for parasites and anything else that may harm them. Once this is done, the cocoons are kept safe over the winter. When spring arrives, they are sent back to us and the whole process starts again.
Find out more about how you can help solitary bees.
Pollinators such as bees, butterflies and other invertebrates are critical to our own existence. To ensure their ongoing survival, we plant pollinator-friendly plants wherever we can. These plants provide the much-needed nectar and pollen that bees, butterflies and other insects rely on to survive. Examples of pollinator-friendly plants include Nepeta (Cat mint), Achillea, Helenium and Echinacea.
Find out more about plants for pollinators on the Royal Horticultural Society website.
If you would like any advice on how you can help pollinators, please email firstname.lastname@example.org